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The Scottish National War Memorial commemorates Scottish soldiers, and soldiers of Scottish regiments, who were killed in the two world wars and more recent conflicts. Rolls of honour record the names of the 100,000s of service men who have been killed in action.
The grand building occupies the site of an early chapel founded by David I., rebuilt in the fourteenth century, and afterwards used as a magazine until it was replaced by the barracks erected in 1775. The latter were reconstructed and converted into the Hall of Honour of the Memorial and an Apse added in the north side to form a Shrine.
Visitors enter through a massive Porch over which, in a deep recess, a sculptured figure represents the Survival of the Spirit rising from a Phoenix, the emblem of Immortality.
On either side of the Porch there are raised platforms where wreaths can be placed. The Porch is separated from the Hall of Honour by doors made of Scottish oak.
In contrast to the Porch, the Hall is long and lofty and has two bays or recesses at east and west ends. The barrel-vaulted roof is supported on octagonal stone columns, between which each of the twelve Scottish regiments has its own memorial. Every one is different, and surmounted by the regimental crest and flanked by the Battle Honours and Colours or Guidons.
Below is a stone table upon which the duplicate Rolls of Honour are open for inspection. Large coloured shields bear the Coats.
The Memorial was designed by Sir Robert Lorimer, K.B.E., and carried out by Scottish craftsmen.
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