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Immediately east of St. Giles' is the Mercat Cross, which, during several centuries, acquired associations that made it the centre, not only of civic but of national affairs. The stone shaft belongs to the ancient Cross, which stood farther down the High Street, but the pedestal was the gift of William Ewart Gladstone. All royal proclamations are made from the Cross, which, in Scott's Marmion, is referred to as "Dun - Edin's Cross."
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